Myth & Facts Series: Human Milk Fortification for Preterm Infants


Human milk is considered as an ideal nutritional source for preterm neonates with very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g). The postnatal growth rate among preterm neonates is greater than that of term infants (15–22 vs. 6–9 g/kg/day, respectively). Consequently, the demand for protein and energy is higher among preterm neonates. The nutritional composition of human milk needs to be optimised to meet the nutrient demands among some preterm neonates. Currently, the nutritional composition of human milk is improved by adding fortifiers.1 However, there are several myths associated with human milk fortification (HMF). In the following section, we will look at some of the myths and discuss the facts.