Human Milk Lessons : Nutritive and Bioactive Proteins in Breast Milk
Haschke et al. mention that protein concentrations in breast milk are highest during the first months when daily weight gain and protein needs for growth are also highest. LBW infants have higher protein needs than term infants and need protein supplements when fed human milk. The authors review the bioactive proteins in human milk and their functions, providing protection from microbial insults and immune protection, aiding in digestive functions, supporting gut development, and being carriers for other nutrients.